Folk are not stupid.
We asked century from the world of science and technology to describe the societal challenges that they think matter in and beyond. Read the full list of responses below. Each of these implementations raises serious questions about what values are being implemented and to whom these implementations are accountable. Meanwhile, there are significant trade-offs and local decisions that technical actors face on a day-to-day basis that shape the very structure of these systems.
Developing responsible sociotechnical systems will require bridging the social-technical gap that can easily emerge as social actors and technical actors speak past one another. Missy Cummings, Professor, Humans and Autonomy Lab, Duke University I think one of the most important challenges faced by robotic systems of the future, which include driverless cars, drones, surgical and manufacturing robots, is how will we be able to certify these systems as safe, particularly those that embed artificial intelligence?
Presently we have no commonly-accepted approaches and without an industry standard for testing such stochastic systems, it is difficult for these technologies to be widely implemented. It helps to have regulation in place. Viktor Mayer Schonberger, Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation, Oxford Internet Institute My 1 issue is not the future of democracy or related issues such as fake news, Trump, social networking bubbles, or even cybersecuritybut the future of humanity.
As we are developing more and more ways to let computers take over reasoning through adaptive learning, we are faced with an existential question: It used to be doing calculus, playing Chess or Goflying airplanes, driving cars, having a conversation, 1739 год россия Jeopardy, or cooking to name a few.
What if data-driven, learning algorithms can do all that? And if so, are we then shaping our learning institutions to help humans develop and nurture exactly these skills our competitive advantages. In short, for me marks the year, when intra-human problems slowly begin to pale when compared to this more fundamental and existential one.
Peter Norvig, Director of Research, Google Artificial intelligence has proven to be quite effective at practical tasks — from labeling photos, to understanding speech and written natural language, to helping identify diseases. The challenge now is to make sure everyone benefits from this technology. Richard Alan Peters, Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, Vanderbilt University In my opinion, the most important breakthrough in robotics and AI to come is the learning of concepts by learning sensory-motor coordination.
An intelligent agent animal or robot that can manipulate the physical world while sensing the results of said manipulation forms one half of a complex dynamical system. The other half is the world. Complex dynamical systems form patterns in nature. In the case of an animal including humans that pattern occurs in the brain and spinal cord system.
It relates sensing to action and vice-versa. This has been puzzled over since Aristotle. AI, although very useful, will never approach human intelligence until it is embodied. That is, of course, a hypothesis, a conjecture that has yet to be proven. But I believe we are close.
Brooks hypothesis is Intelligence is an emergent phenomenon that is the result of embodiment, situatedness, development and interaction. Bruce Schneier, international security technologist The Internet of Things is giving computers the ability to affect the world in a direct physical manner. As this happens to more and more things, the particular ways in which computers fail will become the way everything fails.
This means more catastrophic failures, as bugs and vulnerabilities affect every instance of a piece of software. This will completely change how we think about the risks of computerised cars, computerised appliances, computerised everything. Only a few strong companies and products, such as Amazon Echo, can survive.
I believe people are going to demand Echo with more humanity and portability, and social robots like RoBoHoN will find its market in five years. Artificial intelligence is making some real progress right now, and our work is less to worry about a science fiction robot takeover, and more to see how technology can be used to help with human reflection and decisionmaking rather than to entirely substitute for it.
If we "set it and forget it," we may rue how a system evolves, and that there is no clear place for an ethical dimension to be considered. Mary Barra, CEO, General Motors The auto industry stands at an inflection point where rapidly advancing technology and evolving customer needs offer a unique opportunity to transform our relationship with customers, communities and the environment.
Realising these changes demands the ability to recruit from a talented pool of diverse candidates with Science, Technology, Engineering and Math STEM expertise. Today, there is more demand for some STEM areas than there is available new talent and the demand continues to grow. Specifically, the widening gap between wealthy and impoverished people, worldwide.
Climate change is a causal factor in the increased ing disparity. So too are racism and classism. Climate change exacerbates the challenges thrust upon impoverished people. Solutions should be structural as well as grass roots. Sound policy as well as micro-local community-based. Intentional systems got us into this pickle, and intentional systems will need to be part of the process to reach toward common vision and goals.
Scratching the surface are programmes offered by governments and utilities, to assist homeowners to weatherise their structures. The most robust and innovative energy efficiency programs are yet to benefit those that would feel the greatest impact from the captured savings.
Culture is intersectional, is an arbiter. Culture is part of the solution to finding common ground between wealthy and impoverished and all in-between. Vernacular architectures are expressions of the people and culture in a particular locale, in particular climates. This is epidemic in scale.
Regulators, police organisations and liability experts responsibly caution that we cannot let driverless technology get in front of safety. However, like with all epidemics, we also have a responsibility to realise the full potential of cures as soon as possible. 20 рублей 1993 года ммд немагнитная цена we must be prudent, we also must not let those with vested interests in human driven cars slow progress.
We must work together to safely accelerate the realisation of driverless vehicles. Reaching this imperative one-day sooner could save over 3, lives! Vishaan Chakrabarti, Associate Professor of Practice at Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation The major new challenge for the fields of architecture and urbanism will be to build what I call the "Public Metropolis," which means cities that are more ecologically sound, more equitable, more humane in their deployment of technology, more intense in their creation of new infrastructure, and more fervent in their roles as beacons for a free, diverse and open global society in a time when nativism and fascism are on the rise.
The debate of whether to build dense, transit-based cities as the most environmentally sound growth model in a world in which billions are reaching the middle class is largely settled: Great civic architecture for both public and private projects will be pivotal to this question by enabling the creation of new cultural buildings, commercial projects, and infrastructures that read and write with the specifics of a place, so that we maintain local identities in a global world.
Lucy Jones, Science Advisor for Risk Reduction for the United States Geological Survey We do a интернет магазин заказать монеты job as a society of funding and supporting innovative research — we really admire that aspect of it.
What we do a very bad job at is making the interface between that esoteric research and how people can actually use the information. People want predictions for earthquakes. But people have to understand the scientific process. Rochelle Kopp, founder and Managing Principal of Japan Intercultural Counseling I would say that one of the biggest challenges for the 21st Century as relates to Japan and Asia, and indeed the rest of the world, is related to questions of immigration which includes refugee issues.
These have of course received a lot of attention in the media, but the discussions are often stuck at a basic level, and governmental policies and programs are often not sufficiently addressing the issues. Specifically as for Asia: Japan, as well as Korea and China, are rapidly ageing and thus there will be increasing demand for labor in those countries, whereas many surrounding countries have surplus amounts of labour.
Part of the debate монеты опт купить москва immigration and acceptance of refugees, both in Japan and other countries, relates to how to integrate people копейка 1859 года цена another culture into a society.
This is my field, of cross-cultural communication and understanding. There is a lot of room for further application of the lessons of the cross-cultural field in areas outside of business where they are most often being utilised todayto help countries address issues related to immigrants and refugees.
All of these places are becoming organised. Today, virtually every neighbourhood is organised. Business improvement districts in particular are making leaps and bounds in the management of our society and they are recognising and working with technology firms to far better understand how these places work. The next big technological jump is a software jump: The issue is coming up with software that will create the mega database that will understand every part of the built environment at the place level, and eventually, the metropolitan level.
Right now conclusions are based on guestimations, like ridership. All those tools will help place managements. 5копiйок 2004 цена is a new field of place management. Edward Paice, Director, Africa Research Institute In Africa, very rapid urban growth — spatial and demographic — is occurring without adequate planning or, in many locations, any planning at all.
Urbanisation in Africa is occurring in its own distinctive fashion and there are significant variations within and between countries. But one common feature is that the economies of nearly all towns and cities are predominantly informal. The creation of long-term, decent jobs by the state and private enterprise is woefully inadequate; industrialisation remains for the most part absent.
For African urbanisation to become a positive economic and social development, as opposed to a ticking time-bomb, urban planning needs to incorporate total populations, not simply the rich and middle classes; this is the only way that the economic potential of the majority can be harnessed for the national good.
How can this be done? Firstly, citizens have to be involved. Community participation in slum redevelopment initiatives has proven to be a far more productive and cheaper way of going about things than imposing ill-conceived, expensive schemes from above. Secondly, the technology exists to facilitate the rapid planning xxi — for example, data collection with mobile phones and satellite imagery have already been beneficial.
Thirdly, urban-dwellers everywhere — voters — can mobilise even more effectively to ensure that their elected representatives deliver more. We are seeing this occurring in more and more towns and cities and it is a very positive development for cities, for infrastructure development and for democracy.
Even in autocracies there is always room for citizens to organise and thereby secure services or rights that they have been denied. The final, essential, component is political will. This has been conspicuously lacking, but more determined and competent mayors and city leaders are emerging and the power of example is considerable. The majority карбованцы украины Africans will live in towns and cities by Management consultancies and international financiers routinely claim that rapid urbanisation is one of the great pluses in the investment case for Africa.
As things stand, this is hyperbolic nonsense. For towns and cities to drive economic growth and livelihood improvement, more imaginative and effective urban planning and management are imperative; and the provision of public goods must replace a narrow focus on the wellbeing of elites. Automation — as we move towards automated, electric vehicles, need to consider the effect on employment and wider implications of how we access mobility.
Travelling on busy roads at peak hours could become the preserve of those who can afford to pay — how does that affect commuting etc; how will this change urban planning etc. AI — automated vehicles are one application of AI but what are the wider implications for employment need for universal basic income?The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It began on January 1, and will end on December 31, It is the first century of the 3rd millennium. It is distinct from the century known as the s, which began on January 1, and will end on Timeline of the 21st century · 22nd century · 20th Century · s. Перевод контекст "XXI century" c английский на русский от Reverso Context: This publication reflects advanced medical viewpoints peculiar to the progressive technologies of the XXI century. декабря 20 - Обновленный интернет-гипермаркет Storum City. октября 26 - Открытие Века! октября 04 - Добро- это важно. июля 27 - Главная · О компании · Направления · Вакансии · Новости · Контакты. © by news-you.ru Huge Check Out Creative Multi-purpose Concepts.